3.5c Learning Sound from the Professionals

It’s great to see how professionals record sound and music. Soundworks is a collection of behind-the-scenes videos which gives an insight into the work of professional sound designers. Here are some of the best features from the website. 

Sound
Sound is one of the most important aspects of a narrative. Don’t believe me? Grab your favourite film and take a listen. Turn off the screen and focus your attention on how much information is conveyed by the soundtrack. What can you hear? How do ambient sounds contribute to a sense of setting and atmosphere? How do foley sounds and other effects help tell the story? What effect does the score have? How important is music?
It only takes a few minutes to realise the significant contribution that sound makes to storytelling and audience engagement.Horror films are a great example. Think of a film that really scared you and watch it without audio. Not so terrifying now, right?
When studying films, it’s important to think about the contribution that sound makes to storytelling and audience engagement. For convenience, we categorise sound into the following categories: sound effects, score, music and dialogue.

SOUND EFFECTS

Imagine a horror film in which the main character is hiding in a wardrobe of an abandoned house. We see a close up of the character’s face. The sound of soft, furtive footsteps and floorboards creaking echoes down the hallway. We hear ragged breathing and the rumble of distant thunder. As the scene progresses, orchestral music becomes more and more intense until the closet door finally swings open.

This is a great example of how sound effects can contribute to storytelling and audience engagement.

Whatever film you’re studying, it’s important to remember that all of the sounds you can hear – including sound effects, music and dialogue – has been carefully selected and mixed into the soundtrack.

THE SCORE

Many people hardly notice the orchestral score for a film or recognise its important contribution to their emotional engagement with the narrative.

In narratives, orchestral music performs a number of functions. It can establish setting. In the opening shot of Braveheart, the camera soars over the Scottish highlands and James Horner’s score, which makes extensive use of bagpipes commences. In conjunction with the visuals, the music helps to establish the setting of the film within seconds.

Film scores also contribute to audience engagement. They heighten suspense and pluck at the heartstrings.

NOTABLE COMPOSERS

MURRAY GOLD

The man behind the music for Doctor Who, Murray Gold is responsible for much of the program’s emotional impact, writing a number of leit motifs for a character that is continually evolving, from the haunting Doctor’s Theme which was used with Christopher Eccleston and David Tennant to the heroic Doctor’s Theme Series 4I Am the Doctor and The Majestic Tale (Of a Madman in a Box). (Photograph: Richard Ecclestone)

CLINT MANSELL

If you’ve watched a movie trailer in the last decade, you’ve probably heard the music of Clint Mansell. Mansell’s Lux Aeterna, which was written for the film Requiem for a Dream, has been re-orchestrated and used in the trailers for films including Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers and Sunshine. Mansell also wrote several tracks for the video game Mass Effect 3, including the emotive and minimalist Leaving Earth.

THOMAS NEWMAN

Famous for his collaboration with filmmakers like Sam Mendes and Frank Darabont, Thomas Newman has written the scores for a number of critically acclaimed and high grossing films, including The Shawshank Redemption and American Beauty. Some of his notable pieces include End Title and Any Other Name.

JAMES NEWTON HOWARD

Although his early work included lighthearted comedies like Pretty Woman and Three Men and a Little Lady, Newton Howard went on to write scores for films like The Sixth SenseBlood Diamond and The Dark Knight. Although these are remarkable scores, I’ve always been a big fan of his atmospheric work on the thriller Michael Clayton.

HOWARD SHORE

Although he is best known for his flawless work on The Lord of the Rings – The King of the Golden HallSamwise the Brave and The Steward of Gondor are all worth listening to – he also wrote some terrifically suspenseful scores for smaller films like The Silence of the Lambs and Panic Room.

HANS ZIMMER

Hans Zimmer is responsible for some of the most powerful action scores ever written. One of his early standouts was the music for the submarine thriller Crimson Tide. His long list of memorable scores include InceptionGladiatorSherlock HolmesThe Dark Knight and Backdraft.

POPULAR MUSIC

Popular music can also make a significant contribution to narratives. When the T-800 travels back through time in James Cameron’s Terminator 2, he arrives in the present day completely naked, finds the nearest seedy bar and demands the clothes, boots and motorcycle of one of its patrons. He emerges from the bar clad completely in black to George Thorogood’s ‘Bad to the Bone’.

Although music is frequently used in to complement a scene like this, filmmakers often use music in an ironic or unexpected context.

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